• Users Online: 222
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-114

Structural and functional adaptations to exercise: Echocardiographic findings among professional footballers on routine screening among Nigerians - A view of athletes' heart

Department of Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology and Lautech Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Akintunde A Adeseye
P. O. Box - 3238, Osogbo
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0189-7969.152003

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Prolonged professional exercises such as it occurs among professional footballers are associated with functional and structural cardiac changes. It may also worsen already existing cardiovascular abnormalities. Reports are scarce on the pattern of echocardiographic changes among professional footballers in Nigeria. This study aimed to describe the structural and functional changes among Professional Footballers undergoing routine pre-season screening in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Forty-nine active top-division club members of a Division 1 Football Club in Nigeria who had echocardiography were compared to 24 age- and sex-matched controls. They had 2-D, M-mode and Doppler echocardiography. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 17.0. Results: The mean age of the footballers was 22.2 ± 6.3 years and they were well matched with the controls in age. All of them were males. Echocardiographic parameters were significantly different between professional footballers and controls. The left ventricular internal dimension in diastole, left ventricular posterior and septal wall thicknesses, right ventricular dimension, left atrial dimension and aortic root dimension were significantly higher among footballers than age-matched controls. Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (67.3% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.05), RVD > 28 mm (49% vs. 4.2%, P < 0.05), LAD > 40 mm (59.2% vs. 0%, P < 0.05), AOD > 3 5 mm (12.2% vs. 0%, P < 0.05) and sclerosed mitral valve leaflets (18.4 vs. 12.5%, P > 0.05) were higher among footballers than controls. Conclusion: Professional footballing is associated with distinctive structural and functional echocardiographic adaptations among Nigerian professional footballers. A good understanding of this is important to differentiate disease states among them and also to identify high-risk individuals which may benefit from definitive intervention.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded280    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal