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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-97

The cost of heart failure: Principles, processes, prospects, and pitfalls


1 Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan; Department of Medicine, University College Hospital Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, University College Hospital Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Chemical Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Okechukwu Samuel Ogah
Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njc.njc_21_20

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Heart failure (HF) is currently a global public health issue. It affects about 37 million people worldwide. The incidence and prevalence of HF increase with age, and it is the most common cause of hospitalizations in people aged 65 years and above based on data from high-income countries of Western Europe, North America, and Japan. HF burden is also projected to increase in countries undergoing demographic and epidemiologic transitions. It is associated with high health-care cost, and this has been supported by data from different parts of the world. The aim of this short review is to present a brief description of the principles, processes, prospects, and pitfalls involved in the estimation or quantification of the economic costs of HF.


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